Indian Sarees History goes a long time back as sarees reference is given in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. In Mahabharata Draupadi wife of five Pandavs was tried to be stripped of her saree by the kaurav during a bet in a chess game which angered the Pandavs and lead to the greatest was of Good over evil known as the Mahabharata the earliest reference in arts and sculptures that have been found are from the 6th century AD. Indian Sarees are till date worn from North to South India to East to west India. Wherever you travel you will see Indian sarees as normal clothing.
During the ancient Indian culture Indian Sarees were worn with the navel left bare. The reason for this is that a navel is considered a source of energy. The women is the ancient time did not used to wear Indian sarees blouse and would just drape the Indian sarees over the chest area to cover the upper part of the Body. Even the sarees did not have any stitch on it as Indian Sarees are considered to be pure form of clothing.
The Indian Sarees have derived its identity from Dhoti which was also worn by men during that era. The Dhoti is a piece of fabric which Men wore to cover below the waist area. The Dhoti was then draped by women in a different way covering their complete body which came to be later on known as Indian Sarees. Infact The trend of wearing a blouse with Indian sarees started only during the British Raj. Infact we have lot of reference in our history to indicate that in South of India Indian saree were worn in such a manner that the upper body or breast were exposed. The same reference of bare chested women in Indian Sarees could also be found in Poetry of Poets during that era. Although wearing Indian Sarees with out a blouse is history but in Rural India or interiors of India some tribal regions still wear Indian Sarees worn without a blouse exposing the upper body.
Indian Sarees comes in variety of Designs with Hand embroidery of stones, beads or pearls which are in a shape of a flower plant or a randomly created design or motif. The Fabric used in an Indian sarees can vary widely from georgette Indian sarees, crepe Indian sarees, silk Indian Sarees, cotton Indian Sarees, Chiffon Indian sarees and even fusion fabrics with mixture of the above materials.
Indian Sarees are worn in most of the Hindu functions and festival like Diwali, Dussehra, Karvachauth, Rakhi, Lohri etc. and is considered a tradition Indian outfit. Indian Sarees may have emerged over the years but its still considered sacred in ceremonies and are worn from teenage girls to elderly women.
India is a diverse nation in culture and traditions each State or region of India have developed its own style of weaving Indian Sarees. The weavers do not go to any school to learn the art of weaving an Indian sarees the knowledge is passed from generation to generation. If we go to east of India the main state of West Bengal has traditional Indian Sarees as Kantha Indian Saree which are all Hand embroidered saree done up in thread embroidery on a silk base fabric. The thread embroidery on this Indian sarees is so detailed and intricate that it takes more than a month to hand weave one saree. If we go to west of India we have Gujarat where we find Bandhej Indian Sarees which is more of tie and dye form where use of bright colors like red and green can be surely found. If we go towards south of India than we have kanjeevaram as Indian sarees which is made on silk fabric with zari embroidery on the borders.
During the Mughal empire we had embroidery on Indian Sarees which was done using pure gold thread this type of embroidered Indian Sarees were expensive and the work done on it was Zardozi work Indian Sarees. The zardozi work on Indian Sarees still continues but using golden thread material instead of pure gold thread o cut down on cost.
The weight of Indian Sarees can vary from I kg to 15 kg’s depending on the type of embroidery done on the Indian sarees. Indian Sarees come in various price ranges from a simple printed saree of Rs. 500 to Rs. 1, 00,000 and even more.